Clerk and Register of Deeds
The County Clerk and Register of Deeds is elected every four years, as provided by the Michigan Constitution. The duties of the Clerk are prescribed by State Statute and include: Clerk of the Circuit Court, Keeper of the Circuit Court Seal, Clerk of the Board of Commissioners, Clerk of the County Board of Canvassers, Chief Election Officer for the County, Clerk of the Jury Board, Clerk of the Concealed Weapon Licensing Board, Registrar of the Vital Records, files all co-partnership certificates, assumed name certificates, handles all tax redemptions and is a member of the County Plat Board. Fees are established by law and deposited in the county’s general fund.
The duties of the Register of Deeds are prescribed by state law and include: official recording and filing of all legal documents affecting real property, and the reception and storage of financing statements relating to property mortgages other than real estate, recording certificates of survey and indexing the same, recording all surveys establishing land corners, time and date stamping documents, imaging and indexing all documents according to statutory fees set by the legislature. All fees are deposited in the county’s general fund.
The Prosecuting Attorney is elected, on a partisan basis, for a four-year term by the residents of the County. The office is responsible for the prosecution of all criminal law violations within the County. The Prosecuting Attorney is the Chief Law Enforcement Officer in the County and represents the County in all criminal/civil matters before District, Circuit, Appellate and Supreme Courts, as well as Federal Courts where the County is a party or has interests.
The Michigan Constitution provides that the Sheriff be elected every four years, on a partisan basis, by the residents of the County. The Sheriff is responsible for the enforcement of laws throughout the County. Duties include: the administration of the Correctional Facility, patrol of county roads, marine safety, animal control and other law enforcement related programs as allowed by statute.
The County Treasurer is an elected official with a four-year term as provided by the Michigan Constitution. The Treasurer is the custodian of county monies, collections of all county revenue and the agent for the delinquent tax revolving funds, and the foreclosing governmental unit for Calhoun County.
Water Resources Commissioner
The Water Resources Commissioner is a statutory officer elected on a partisan basis every four years. He is responsible for the administration of the Drain Code of 1956, amended. The duties of the Water Resources Commissioner include: the construction and maintenance of drains, receiving bids and awarding contracts for drain construction. The Water Resources Commissioner also approves drainage in new developments, Subdivisions and maintains lake levels.
Calhoun County Judiciary
The 37th Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction for Calhoun County. In general, the court handles all civil cases with claims of more than $25,000; all criminal cases in which the defendant could receive a prison sentence; and all family matters including divorce, paternity, child support, adoptions, child abuse and neglect, and juvenile delinquency. In addition, the court hears cases appealed from the District or Probate Courts or from any governmental agency decision. The court administers the operations of the Office of the Friend of the Court, Family Division Juvenile Services, and Drug Court.
The District Court has countywide jurisdiction in civil cases involving less than $25,000. In criminal cases, the District Court has countywide jurisdiction over misdemeanors, ordinances and preliminary examinations of all felony cases. Traffic tickets are processed through the District Court Traffic Bureau and include fines and penalties.
The Probate Court has jurisdiction over wills, estates and trusts; appoints guardians and conservators; protects the interests of children and adults; and commits the mentally ill for treatment.