Types of Adoptions

  • Stepparent Adoption
  • Direct Placement Adoption
  • Relative Adoption
  • Adult Adoption
  • International Adoption
  • Permanent Court Ward Adoption

There are several different kinds of adoptions; slightly different procedures apply to each. This information is meant to assist with frequently asked questions, but Court personnel cannot give legal advice. Please consult an attorney for more detailed information and answers or go to Michigan Legal Help for free online information.

Filing Requirements

  • Filing Fees: $175.00 per child
  • Investigation Fee: $300.00 (required for all adoptions not involving an agency)
  • Petitioners and/or adoptee must be a resident of Calhoun County
  • Stepparent Adoption: Must be married to the legal/biological parent of the adoptee for at least one year
  • Must have non-custodial parent’s consent for a step-parent adoption if they are still a legal parent
  • Adoptee must consent if they are 14 years old or older
  • Petitioners are responsible for serving papers and paying for the cost of service or publication
  • A request to waive filing fees may be made to the court by submitting a Fee Waiver Request if the Petitioner meets the financial guidelines
Documents Required at the time of filing

  • A certified copy of the adoptee’s birth certificate
  • A certified or true copy of any affidavit of parentage, divorce decree and/or child support order, including any modifications to the original order
  • Death Certificate of a biological parent if parent is deceased
  • Filing fees
  • Petition for Adoption for Step-Parent/Relative Adoption (PCA 301) or Petition for Direct Placement Adoption (PCA 301a)
Stages of an Adoption Case

     1.  Filing and processing an Adtopion Petition at the Circuit Court Clerk's Office.

     2.  Court Investigation completed
     3. Termination of existing parent's parental rights if needed
     4.  Confirmation and finalization of adoption


In every adoption that does not involve an agency, the judge will sign an Order for Investigation and you will be contacted by a court investigator. The investigator will complete an adoption investigation report and will file it with the court.

Legal Resources

Michigan Legal Help

Court Post-Adoption Information and Searches

Phone: 269-969-6804
Address: Calhoun County Justice Center
Attn: Circuit Court – Adoptions
161 E. Michigan Ave
Battle Creek, MI 49014