Communicable Diseases

The CCPHD Communicable Disease program is dedicated to the investigation, prevention, intervention, control and surveillance of communicable diseases in Calhoun County.

Please contact us if you have any questions or concerns regarding communicable disease reporting.

 

HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS: CD REPORTING    CD REPORTING FOR SCHOOLS 

Selected Reportable Disease Data
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Hepatitis A     |      Tuberculosis (TB)     |     Quarterly CD Newsletter

 CD - Hepatitis - Copy

Hepatitis A
Calhoun County was included in the 2017 Hepatitis A outbreak in Southeast Michigan.   Hepatitis A is a contagious, but vaccine-preventable, liver disease which is a result of infection with the Hepatitis A virus. It is often spread when a person ingests fecal matter from food or water contaminated with infected feces. Symptoms include:
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite and/or nausea
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin)
  • Dark urine
  • Joint pain
  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abnormal liver tests
  • Pale stool
The best way to prevent Hepatitis A is by getting vaccinated, and washing your hands before handling or consuming food, and after using the restroom or changing a diaper. Anyone who believes they have been exposed to Hepatitis A or who has symptoms noted above should contact their health care provider immediately. Vaccination with the Hepatitis A vaccine can decrease your risk of illness after exposure if given soon enough. The vaccine is available at Calhoun County Public Health Department [Hours HERE] or you may contact your health care provider. You can learn more about Hepatitis A via our Fact Sheet, found [HERE]
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TB - Copy

Tuberculosis (TB)
What is tuberculosis (TB)?
Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial disease called Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually affects the lungs. TB is spread through the air from one person to another when a person with active TB coughs or sneezes. TB can also affect the kidney, spine, and brain. TB can cause death when not treated correctly.

 Symptoms include:

  • A cough that lasts 3 weeks or more
  • Fevers or chills
  • Night sweats
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Constant tiredness
  • Coughing up blood (occasionally)

People who develop the above symptoms should be evaluated by a health care provider. Your provider may administer a TB skin test.
If diagnosed with TB, health care providers will recommend that close contacts (household members, friends, classmates, etc.) be tested for TB.

When can I get a TB test?
TB skin tests are done at the Health Department. Clinic hours are found [HERE]. TB tests are read no sooner than 48 hours and no later than 72 hours after the skin test is given. Refer to the Clinical Schedule for testing and reading dates and locations. No appointment is needed.

 What does a positive TB test mean?
A positive TB test means that someone has been exposed to the TB germ and follow-up evaluation is needed.
You can learn more about Tuberculosis via our fact sheet, found [HERE]

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 Quarterly  CD Newsletter

Calhoun County Public Health Department distributes a quarterly newsletter to local health care providers and community partners.  The goal of this publication is to help spread information on diseases and infections seen in the Calhoun County Community. 
1.20 QNL preview
Click here to see the latest newsletter


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